You asked on 15 Jun 2014, “First you have said "I think that your question is about the dead people as Adam died when he was 930 years old. You want to know what is the New Testament teaching about praying for the dead after they are dead. Now onwards, we are going to deal with those who are dead as Adam is, when he was 930 years old." Could you explain about this subject of Adam.” We learn from Genesis 5:5 that Adam lived in this earth for 930 years and he died at that age and that death was in his flesh. I wrote that we could discuss about this death in terms of the death from this earth, as opposed to the second death. The second death is the separation of sinner from God, forever. There is the death in trespasses and sin, being away from God. Adam had this third death on the day he sinned. We are not discussing about this death. He was separated from God and we do not read that God came down to walk with him and talk with in the cool of the day any more. This is a type or the shadow of the second death. We are also not discussing about the second death. That is what I meant.
We learn from the Scriptures that death is mentioned in its various aspects. Basically, it is a separation. The death in the flesh is the separation of the body, soul, and spirit that were joined in creation and continues to be so in our conception. Psalm 138:14-16 is one of the places in the Scriptures that tell us about it. The man continues his death in trespasses and sins. That we read in the New Testament (Ephesians 2:1). During this death in trespasses and sins, the body, soul, and spirit remain united. This could also be considered as similar to Adam’s life after he was sent out of the Garden of Eden till he died in his flesh. We read about the second death in Revelation 20:11-15. Before the second death the body, soul, and spirit that were separated at the death in the flesh are united together and made stand before the Great White throne to be cast into the Lake of Fire. This is the second death.
What happens to the body, soul, and spirit at the death of the flesh? Ecclesiastes 12:7 tells us that the spirit returns to God who gave it. What happens to the soul at the death of the flesh? When the spirit goes to God, the soul goes to place different from God. Christ said that Lazarus went to Abraham’s bosom and the Rich Man went to a place of torture. The New Testament saints are told that they will be with the Lord. A place of torture is not a prison. It is a place where the souls of unjust are kept. The souls of men have different places according to their standing with God. The bodies are placed on the earth and remains on the earth till their resurrection.
Let me quote 1 Peter 3:17-22, “For it is better, if the will of God should will it, to suffer as well-doers than as evildoers, for Christ indeed has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God; being put to death in flesh, but made alive in the Spirit, in which also going He preached to the spirits which are in prison, heretofore disobedient, when the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noe while the ark was preparing, into which few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water; which figure also now saves you , even baptism, not a putting away of the filth of flesh, but the demand as before God of a good conscience, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who is at the right hand of God, gone into heavens, angels and authorities and powers being subjected to Him.” In 1 Peter 3:17-22, we do not read about the souls, but about the spirit that were disobedient. Their disobedience was connected with the time of Noe. There is no salvation for those spirits. Only man receives salvation. In 1 Peter 3:17-2, we read about disobedient spirits and souls of men. Only eight souls were saved and we do not read about all other souls that perished. The spirits that are mentioned are mentioned as the ‘sons of God’ in Genesis 6. Their disobedience is mentioned in Genesis 6. Christ did not pray for the spirits, evil or good. He prayed for sinners.
You referred to John 11 and wrote, “And in John 11:1 - 45. The story of Lazarus the brother of Martha.
There, for whom did Jesus pray? Did he pray for the dead Lazarus even after his death? Did God accept that pray? Was it futile?
There Jesus said Joh 11:15 "and for your sake I am glad that I was not there, so that you may believe. But let us go to him."
Here what we have to belive? Why he said "let us go to the dead man"?
In Joh 11:40 Jesus said, "Did I not tell you that if you would believe you would see the glory of God?"
Here, WHAT WE HAVE TO BELIEVE?
Do we have to believe God will not accept the prayers for the dead?” Now let us look into John 11. I do not read that Christ said, “"let us go to the dead man",” as you wrote. I do not read that Christ prayed for Lazarus. Could you tell how you came to conclude that? In the verses you quoted or cited, it is not written as you wrote.